actio poenalis


actio poenalis
/aekshiyow piyneylas/
Called also actio ex delicto.
An action in which a penalty was recovered of the delinquent.
Actiones poenales and actiones mixta comprehended cases of injuries, for which the civil law permitted redress by private action, but which modern civilization universally regards as crimes; that is, offenses against society at large, and punished by proceedings in the name of the state alone. Thus, theft, receiving stolen goods, robbery, malicious mischief, and the murder or negligent homicide of a slave (in which case an injury to property was involved), gave rise to private actions for damages against the delinquent.

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • actio poenalis — A civil law action brought by the injured party for the recovery of a penalty …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • actio poenalis in haeredem non datur, nisi forte ex damno locupletior haeres factus sit — /aekshiyow piyneylas in hariydam non deytar naysay fortiy eks daemnow Ibwkapliyshar hiriyz faektas sit/ A penal action is not given against an heir, unless, indeed, such heir is benefited by the wrong …   Black's law dictionary

  • Liste der actiones des Römischen Privatrechts — D. 44,7,51 (Celsus libro tertio digestorum) Nihil aliud est actio quam ius quod sibi debeatur, iudicio persequendi. Die actio ist nichts anderes als das Recht, was einem geschuldet wird, gerichtlich durchzusetzen. Das Römische Recht… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stipulation — (v. lat. Stipulatio), im System der römischen Contracte eine besondere Art der Vertragsschließung, mittelst welcher die beiden Paciscenten dadurch in ein civilrechtlich klagbares Obligationsverhältniß traten, daß der eine (Stipulator) mit… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Verbrechen [2] — Verbrechen, 1) im Allgemeinen jede widerrechtliche, mit einer Strafe bedrohte Handlung (Violatio legis poenalis). Die Aufgabe des Staates solchen widerrechtlichen Handlungen zu begegnen theilt sich aber nach zwei Richtungen, je nachdem nämlich… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon


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